Boston – the connection between parents and childrens better than fear. New research suggests that if parents sit with young children in the face of a possible fear, they won’t be afraid.
The study conforms to the results, it shows that at a particular stage of development, close ties with the nursing staff inhibition of activity in the amygdala, the brain structure helps to deal with fear and stimulate the fight-or-flight response.
“If you’re young, it makes no sense to fight or run,” said nim tottenham, a developmental neuroscientist at Columbia University. He presented the work at a meeting of the society for cognitive neuroscience on March 26. For young children, the relationship with caregivers not only helps to ensure survival, but also makes children feel safe and able to approach the world with confidence, tottenham said. “Attachment is a very effective strategy; It trumps everything. ”
Children ages 3 to 5 show two shapes – green triangles and blue squares. It was just the noise of a loud finger on the blackboard. Some children have a parent sitting next to them when they see the shape. Others sit next to a researcher. After the parents left, the children chose which door to get the gift: one with a terrible blue square and the other with a harmless green triangle.
The children who were paired with the experimenters avoided the blue square door. But the children sitting next to their parents showed a slight preference for the door, even though they knew they would collect the same gift from behind any door.
In the United States, cartoon characters are taboo in cigarette advertising, while candy or fruit cigarettes can’t be sold. But a new study suggests that this is not the case with e-cigarettes, which attract young people who have never used tobacco products for e-cigarettes or even cigarettes.
Researchers analyzed nearly 7,000 children between the ages of 12 and 17 who had never used tobacco products between 2013 and 2014. Memories like electronic cigarette ads or see teenagers to try to use electronic cigarettes or actual to accept the possibility that electronic cigarette advertising was 1.6 times its researchers on March 26, JAMA Pediatrics website reported that in the second year as don’t remember advertising children to try them. E-cigarette ads are usually based on celebrities, comic strips (a product that shows a unicorn vomit rainbow) or a reference to sweet tastes, such as rainbow sugar.
Past research has shown a link between traditional cigarette advertising and an easy to accept non-smoking teenager. Nearly nine out of ten smokers at the age of 10 tried their first cigarette before the age of 18. Since 1998, the spread of traditional cigarette advertising to teenagers has been limited.
In 2016, more than 2.1 million American high schools and high school students reported using e-cigarettes. In the same year, an estimated 20.5 million people (or four-fifths) were exposed to e-cigarette advertising.
Studies have shown that e-cigarette advertising does more than just brag about smoking. Advertising also seems to have prompted some teenagers and young people to smoke. Of the roughly 10,500 children between the ages of 12 and 21 who had never used tobacco products, 18 per cent recalled seeing or favoring e-cigarette advertising, but did not like cigarette advertising. Fifty percent of these teenagers started smoking the next year.
American behavioral epidemiologist at the university of California, San Diego, John Pierce said: “according to the inference of the population,” 105000-12 to 21 people seems to be because of the influence of the electronic cigarette ads suck first cigarette. ”
Previous studies have found that teenagers who use e-cigarettes are more likely to smoke traditional cigarettes (SN: 9/19/15, p. 14). Psychologists at the university of southern California keck school of medicine in addiction Adam Leventhal and epidemiologists Jessica l., notes Barrington Trimis electronic cigarette advertising may increase the risk of smoking “puts forward unprecedented concern on youth tobacco control” in Los Angeles, wrote in an editorial in the journal.
Leventhal added in an interview that restricting the advertising is an important goal of public health campaigns and policies that restrict the use of tobacco products by teenagers.